Circo Massimo or Circus Maximus literally means the greatest and largest circus. This is exactly what this monument was for thousands of years in Rome. It was a mass entertainment venue where chariot races were organized on a grand scale.
This was also the biggest stadium in the city of Rome at that time and could accommodate 150,000 people. This fact alone is enough to prove the level of grandeur of Circo Massimo. Romulus, who was also the first king of the eternal city used to organize these races for the people of the city. The last known race was held almost 1500 years ago. Apart from that, it was a place to held gladiatorial fights as well.
The material of this stadium was used in constructing other famous buildings and monuments of Rome. This place
also has a fascinating religious significance as well. It is believed that Emperor Romulus found a shrine of goddess Murcia here when he allegedly founded the city of Rome. In addition to that, the temples of seven gods were also present here at that time.
However, over time, this place has comparatively deteriorated over the last millennium. Most of the temples and religious buildings are long lost now. All that remains is a large grassland which is now used as a public park. The fact that it is situated in the centre of the city makes it a popular destination for tourists and locals alike.
Aventine and Palatine hills are also quite near to this place making it a perfect pick for hanging-out. At the time of designing of this monument, two obelisks were placed here for decoration purposes. Interestingly, both the obelisks are now removed and one of them is placed at Piazza del Popolo. This destination is now also used for organizing meetings and concerts. In 2014, the world-famous band the Rolling Stones played here in front of more than 70,000 spectators.